• Number and Operations
    • Understand the meaning and use of exponents
    • Understand the associative property of addition and multiplication
    • Extend understanding of whole number operations to fractions, decimals, percents and mixed numbers
    • Understand and apply divisibility rules
    • Round decimals to the nearest thousandths
    • Understand the concepts of ratio, percent and percentage
    • Compare and order improper fractions, mixed numbers and decimal fractions to thousandths
    • Develop meaning for integers and use integers to represent and compare quantities
    • Add, subtract, multiply and divide integers
    • Give the prime factorization of a number
    • Use factor trees to give the prime factorization of a number
    • Convert fractions to decimals to percents and vice versa
    • Convert fractions to terminating, repeating or rounded decimals
    • Solve proportions with an unknown
    • Understand and use mathematical vocabulary appropriately
    • Write a remainder as a fraction or decimal
    • Find the percent of a number
    • Find the percent one number is of another and find the original number when the percent is given
    • Use percents to determine sales tax, commission, discount and simple interest

    Algebra
    • Write, solve and graph linear equations
    • Use two-step operations to solve linear equations
    • Write and solve inequalities
    • Infer and use a rule to determine a missing number
    • Use appropriate mathematical vocabulary and properties
    • Compare integers on a number line

    Geometry
    • Define and use appropriate geometrical vocabulary
    • Use strategies to develop formulas in determining perimeter/area of triangles, rectangles/parallelograms, volume of rectangular prisms
    • Find the area of parallelograms and triangles
    • Find the circumference and area of circles
    • Find the volume and surface area of prisms
    • Classify triangles according to the angles and sides
    • Understand parallel, intersecting, and perpendicular lines
    • Measure an angle using a protractor
    • Draw similar figures that model proportional relations
    • Explore fractal patterns
    • Do geometric construction, e.g. bisect a segment

    Measurement
    • Describe how perimeter, area and volume are affected when dimensions of a figure are changed
    • Use strategies to develop formulas for finding circumference and area of circles, and area of sectors
    • Estimate length, area, volume, perimeter, circumference, area of a circle, various shapes and surfaces using everyday objects
    • Make conversions within the same measurement system while performing computations
    • Use indirect measurement i.e., similar triangles, to solve problems

    Data Analysis and Probability
    • Calculate the probability of independent and dependent events
    • Construct a multiple line graph
    • Make logical inferences from statistical data
    • Calculate the odds
    • Design an experiment to test a theoretical probability and explain how the results may vary
    • Construct a scatter plot
    • Make organized lists and tree diagrams
  • Christ – Our Life: His Teaching, Death, Resurrection and the Early Church
    • Identify the Bible as God’s way of communicating to humanity
    • Demonstrate how to use aides for greater understanding when studying the Bible
    • Understand that God is omnipotent, omniscient and infinite, yet is affected by your response to Him
    • Explain the relationship of God, heaven and the angels to Jesus and His life on earth
    • Know what the great controversy is and how the plan of salvation relates to it
    • Know the gospel story and why it is important to accept Jesus as Savior and model one’s life after His
    • Understand importance of baptism, becoming a part of God’s family
    • Explain the mission of the church and the importance of using one’s spiritual gifts to share the Gospel with all people
    • Understand the early development of the Christian
  • Life: Cells, Human Body
    • Describe and explain the structure and functions of the human body in terms of cells, tissues and organs
    • Identify/describe development and function of the cell and its parts
    • Identify common characteristics of cells
    • Explain the function of the nucleus
    • Distinguish between chromosomes, genes, DA, and their structure
    • Identify the major skeletal, muscular, and integumentary systems
    • Identify the parts and function of the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems
    • Describe differences among atoms, elements, molecules, and compounds
    • Understand the function of the five senses

    Health: Human Body, Nutrition, Safety/First Aid, Natural Disasters
    • Identify and describe the parts of the digestive system
    • Identify and explain the importance of the excretory system
    • Identify and describe the importance of basic nutrients
    • Explain healthy eating practices based on the national food pyramid
    • Identify nutritional goals based on national dietary guidelines
    • Define eating disorders, explain how they adversely affect health
    • Explain the appropriate first aid procedures to follow in case of emergencies
    • Identify common safety hazards and ways to prevent injuries/accidents
    • Identify safety procedures for common natural disasters

    Physical: Magnetism, Electricity
    • Identify characteristics of magnets and what causes magnetism
    • Describe the relationship between electricity and magnetism
    • Identify uses of electromagnets
    • Compare and describe static and current electricity
    • Identify the difference between conductors and insulators
    • Describe electrical safety precautions, conservation procedures, and simple electrical transformation devices
    • Identify and explain types of circuits, batteries, and simple electronic devices

    Earth: Geology
    • Describe Earth’s structure and features
    • Explain how Earth has changed over time (e.g., erosion, weathering, earthquakes)
    • Explore and interpret evidences for the Genesis Flood and the Ice Age
    • Describe how earthquakes are caused, volcanoes are formed, and land features created through the use of plate tectonics
    • Describe the processes by which rocks and soils are formed
    • Identify common rocks and minerals
    • Identify and describe features of erosion and weathering

    Scientific Inquiry: May be included in each unit of study
    • Make observations
    • Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations
    • Plan a simple investigation
    • Collect data from the investigation
    • Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results
    • Safely use and store tools and equipment

    Service/Career Options
    • Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community
    • Identify careers in areas of science
  • Art
    Select media, techniques and processes; analyze what makes them effective/not effective; identify the effectiveness of choices
    • Employ organizational structures and analyze their effectiveness in the communication of ideas
    • Use subjects, themes and symbols that demonstrate knowledge of contexts, values and aesthetics
    • Describe and place various art objects in historical/cultural context
    • Analyze, describe, demonstrate how factors of time/place influence visual characteristics that give meaning and value to a work of art
    • Describe and compare a variety of individual responses to their own artworks and to artworks from various eras and cultures
    • Describe ways in which the principles and subject matter of other disciplines taught in the school are interrelated with the visual arts

    Music
    • Recognize and write the C major scale
    • Recognize the sound of a major scale
    • Sight-read a simple song
    • Identify and sing cadence
    • Demonstrate and use first and second endings
    • Identify canon form (liturgy)
    • Know symbols and meanings for fermata and tenuto
    • Compare tone qualities of orchestral music from different cultures
    • Identify and sing early Advent hymns
  • • Demonstrate proper use/care of computers, input/output devices
    • Learn to troubleshoot for basic malfunctions
    • Practice keyboarding, using correct hand position and posture
    • Use word processing, editing and file management skills
    • Begin using presentation software
    • Use electronic resources to enhance and access information
    • Know proper technology terms
    • Understand consumer issues regarding technology
    • Investigate technology-related occupations
    • Use courtesy while sharing computer time
    • Become aware of legal issues when using software
    • Identify computer abuse including use of Internet
  • History: World History from ancient times through Early Greek
    and Roman civilizations
    • Compare and contrast the beginnings of civilization
    • Describe the achievements of ancient Egypt
    • Discuss the movements of Hebrew peoples
    • Identify how the beliefs of Judaism set the stage for Christ’s life
    • Explain the importance of early trade routes
    • Describe developments of the Tang and Song Dynasties in China
    • Trace voyages resulting in colonization in Asia and SW Pacific
    • Study role of Greece and Medo-Persia in relationship to Daniel 7
    • Trace the rise of Alexander the Great

    Civics and Government
    • Trace the forms of government in ancient Greece
    • Outline the founding of the Persian Empire
    • Identify governments in Africa, Asia, and SW Pacific
    • Define, compare the citizen’s role in Africa, Asia, and SW Pacific

    Geography
    • Explain the components and use of maps
    • Locate and label all the world’s continents
    • Explain reasons for locations of eastern hemisphere major cities
    • Identify climate regions of the eastern hemisphere
    • Explain caring of natural resources

    Economics
    • Trace the relationship between agriculture and emergence of cities
    • Describe how environment contributes to how people make a living

    Individuals, Society, and Culture
    • Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ
    • Recognize the influence of peer relationships
    • Understand how one’s values and attitudes influence our choices
    • Identify how various groups grow to form and affect a society
    • Understand cultures change by technology and migration of people
    • Compare Adventist beliefs with eastern religions and philosophies
    • Examine Seventh-day Adventist global outreach
  • Extended Reading and Writing
    • Use the writing process
    • Write expository papers
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate sight words
    • Organize final drafts logically
    • Write from an outline
    • Edit spelling, grammar, and punctuation
    • Write sentences, paragraphs, poetry, and stories
    • Write using a variety of genres

    Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
    • Sequence events in pictures, notes, timelines, charts, paragraphs
    • Write paragraphs with main ideas and details
    • Develop main idea outlines using number notes with topics/ details
    • Create and experiment with visual media
    • Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs
    • Analyze story elements
    • Use graphic organizers
    • Write summaries
    • Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases by using context clues or resource materials
    • Develop two-column notes and charts
    • Develop discriminatory skills
    • Understand similes and metaphors
    • Synthesize information from multiple, reliable resources

    Reference Skills
    • Use library references and resources
    • Express solutions to the nearest unit

    Word Study
    • Read, spell, and write multi-syllabic words
    • Correctly spell grape-appropriate words
    • Read, spell, write, define suffixes and words from other cultures
    • Read, spell, write and define easily confused words

    Sentence Skills
    • Identify and write different kinds of sentences
    • Edit for punctuation and usage
    • Recognize and use possessive nouns
    • Identify and use verbs, adverbs, prep. phrases, adjective phrases
    • Recognize and write sentences with natural, interrupted, and invented order
  • Spiritual Emphasis
    • Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a health lifestyle
    • Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health: nutrition, exercise, water, sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God
    • Avoid at-risk behaviors
    • Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports
    • Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities
    • Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social well-being

    Movement and Motor Skills
    • Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulative, locomotor and non-locomotor skills
    • Demonstrate increasing competence in more advanced skills
    • Adapt and combine skills to the demands of increasingly complex situations of selected movement forms
    • Demonstrate beginning strategies for net and invasion games
    • Apply previously learned knowledge to improve performance
    • Apply information from a variety of internal and external sources to improve performance
    • Identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance
    • Recognize sport specific movement patterns applied to games
    • Understand terms that describe basic movement
    • Use basic offensive/defensive strategies in non-complex settings

    Lifestyle and Fitness
    • Identify opportunities in the school and community for regular participation in physical activity
    • Participate daily in some form of health-enhancing physical activity
    • Discover personal interests and capabilities in regard to one’s exercise behavior
    • Identify the critical aspects of a healthy lifestyle
    • Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity in a variety of settings
    • Monitor intensity of exercise

    Understand the reason for proper cool-down/warm-up techniques
    • Experience enjoyment from participation in physical activities
    • Begin to develop a strategy for the improvement of selected fitness components
    • Work somewhat independently with minimal supervision in pursuit of personal fitness goals
    • Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a standard physical fitness test, e.g. AAHPERD Physical Best, Fitnessgram, President’s Challenge
    • Recognize physical activity as a positive opportunity for social and group interaction
    • Use physical activity to express feelings and relieve stress
    • Seek personally challenging experiences

    Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors
    • Participate in establishing rules, procedures and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific activity situations
    • Work cooperatively and productively in a group to accomplish a set goal in cooperative and competitive activities
    • Make conscious Christ-like decisions about applying rules, procedures and etiquette
    • Utilize time effectively to complete assigned tasks
    • Acknowledge differences in the behaviors of people of different gender, culture, ethnicity, development and disability
    • Cooperate with disabled peers and those of different gender, race, ethnicity and religion
    • Work cooperatively with both more and less skilled peers