• Number and Operations
    • Understand place value through billions
    • Be proficient in counting money and making change
    • Develop, use number sense for whole numbers, fractions, decimals
    • Develop and apply number theory concepts, e.g. multiples, primes and factors in real world and mathematical situations
    • Determine pairs of numbers given a relation or rule, and determine the relation or rule of given pairs of numbers
    • Understand how basic mathematical operations are related
    • Develop, analyze and explain procedures for computation and techniques for estimation
    • Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers, fractions and decimals
    • Round whole numbers to the designated place value
    • Identify/generate equivalent forms of fractions, decimals, percents
    • Recognize, model/describe multiples, factors, composites, primes
    • Determine the GCF and LCM of two numbers
    • Convert fractions to the LCD
    • Reduce fractions to simplest form (lowest terms)
    • Add and subtract time using renaming

    Algebra
    • Graph linear equations with one variable
    • Use calculators, computers, tables and graphs to develop and interpret patterns
    • Understand and use formulas; apply order of operations rules
    • Develop skill in solving and writing linear equations
    • Investigate inequalities and nonlinear equations

    Geometry
    • Learn the relationship between radius and diameter
    • Classify angles according to the measure
    • Identify and select appropriate units to measure angles (degrees)
    • Understand and use linear, square and cubic units
    • Count faces, vertices and edges; create perspective drawings
    • Describe ray, segment, interior and exterior of an angle
    • Recognize and create patterns with tessellations

    Measurement
    • Identify the paths between points on a grid or coordinate plane and compare the lengths of the paths
    • Demonstrate and describe difference between covering the faces (surface area), and filling interior (volume), of 3-dimensional objects
    • Use standard angles (45º,90º,120º) to estimate the measure of angles and use a protractor to measure and draw angles
    • Convert one metric unit to one customary unit
    • Understand that measurement is not exact, e.g. when measured multiple times, measurements may give slightly different numbers
    • Understand and explain how differences in units affect precision
    • Measure length to the nearest cm and ⅛ of an inch

    Data Analysis and Probability
    • Collect and organize data, then determine appropriate method and scale to display data
    • Find the mean, median, mode and range of a given set of data and use these measures to describe the set of data
    • Use calculators to simplify computations and use computers to assist in generating and analyzing information
    • Analyze data and make predictions/conjectures based on samples
    • Distinguish between a population and a sample
    • Discuss the reasonableness of the data and the results
    • List all possible outcomes of an event
    • Read, construct and interpret frequency tables
    • Make predictions based on experimental/theoretical probabilities
  • Fruit of the Spirit: Applying these gifts to real life
    • Know that each person has been given unique talents and spiritual gifts by God
    • Understand that God always was and will always be a God of love
    • Understand that God created humanity with the power of choice
    • Know that God’s character of love is revealed through His laws and interaction with His people
    • Understand that the God of the Old Testament is the same God as the New Testament
    • Understand the covenant relationship God initiated with His people and the role of faith, repentance, and forgiveness
    • Recognize the importance of showing kindness toward and acceptance of people who are different
    • Recognize that as the Holy Spirit works in lives of people, people become more and more like Jesus and will reflect His love and goodness to others
    • Understand that God continues to offer the gift of salvation
    • Understand the importance of daily commitment to God and relying on His power for a victorious life
  • Life: Living Things
    • Describe, explain and compare the structure and function of cells
    • Identify the characteristics of living things and non-living things
    • Use the standard classification system to group animals based on their characteristics
    • Identify features of fish that distinguish them from other classes of animals
    • Identify the main characteristics of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals and how these affect behavior and function of the animal

    Health: Personal Mental Health, Interpersonal Human Health, Human Sexuality
    • Describe how personality, relationships and self-concept affect mental and emotional health
    • Define stress including its positive and negative aspects and how stress relates to decision making
    • Identify factors that influence how friends are chosen and the impact of friends on peer pressure
    • Know ways to seek assistance if worried, abused or threatened
    • Explain human reproduction and development
    • Identify the physical, emotional, intellectual and social changes that occur at puberty
    • Describe God’s plan for human sexual behavior

    Physical: Heat, Energy Waves, Sound, Light
    • Describe the relationship between heat and kinetic theory of matter
    • Identify, describe and compare different types of wave energy
    • Describe the organization of the electromagnetic spectrum and the uses/applications of each type of electromagnetic wave
    • Compare electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves
    • Explore characteristics of heat, sound, and light
    • Compare and contrast types of mirrors and lenses

    Earth: Meteorology and Oceanography
    • Define meteorology, and purpose of various weather instruments
    • Describe how clouds are formed
    • Identify characteristics of different storms
    • Distinguish between climate and weather
    • Describe Earth’s atmospheric layers and the “greenhouse” effect
    • Explain air pressure and local/global winds, how they are measured and their effects on weather
    • Explain water cycle and relationship to weather/climatic patterns
    • Describe physical structures and ecosystems present in the ocean
    • Explain currents, tides, ocean waves, and ocean water composition
    • Identify resources from the sea, how humans affect ocean ecology

    Scientific Inquiry: May be included in each unit of study
    • Make observations
    • Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations
    • Plan a simple investigation and collect date from the investigation
    • Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results
    • Safely use and store tools and equipment

    Service/Career Options
    • Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community
    • Identify careers in areas of Science
  • Art
    • Select media, techniques and processes; analyze what makes them effective/not effective; identify the effectiveness of choices
    • Employ organizational structures and analyze their effectiveness in the communication of ideas
    • Use subjects, themes and symbols that demonstrate knowledge of contexts, values and aesthetics
    • Describe, place a variety of art objects in historical/cultural context
    • Analyze, describe, demonstrate how factors of time/place influence visual characteristics to give meaning/value to a work of art
    • Describe and compare a variety of individual responses to their own artworks and to artworks from various eras and cultures
    • Describe ways in which the principles and subject matter of other disciplines taught in the school are interrelated with the visual arts

    Music
    • Know names of lines and spaces of bass clef
    • Identify and write symbols for sharp, flat and natural
    • Sight-read a musical phrase
    • Use D.C. al fine
    • Know symbols and meanings for ritardando and accelerando
    • Know symbols/meanings for crescendo, decrescendo, diminuendo
    • Listen to music of the baroque period
    • Learn names of some hymn writers
  • • Demonstrate proper use/care of computers, input/output devices
    • Learn to troubleshoot for basic malfunctions
    • Practice keyboarding, using correct hand position and posture
    • Use word processing, editing and file management skills
    • Begin using presentation software
    • Use electronic resources to enhance and access information
    • Know proper technology terms
    • Understand consumer issues regarding technology
    • Investigate technology-related occupations
    • Use courtesy while sharing computer time
    • Become aware of legal issues when using software
    • Identify computer abuse including use of Internet
  • History: The development of the US through the ravages of the
    Civil War
    • Trace the routes of major European explorers
    • Identify the founders and study how the colonies grew
    • Explain reasons for people moving from Europe to the Americas
    • Describe the impact of exploration and settlement on native Indians
    • Explain causes,conditions,consequences of French and Indian War
    • Identify the causes of the American Revolution
    • Evaluate contributions of women during the American Revolution
    • Discuss the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights
    • Describe the Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark expedition
    • Explain concept of Manifest Destiny
    • Describe issues associated with the westward expansion of slavery
    • Understand the War of 1812
    • Analyze the causes of events leading to the Civil War
    • Discuss Ellen White’s vision that shows God’s involvement in the outcome of the Civil War

    Civics and Government
    • Explain the Magna Carta and development of the US Constitution
    • Summarize the Preamble to the US Constitution
    • Compare the Constitution to the Ten Commandments
    • Describe various kinds of elections and how they are conducted
    • Describe the 3 branches of the US government and their functions
    • Examine how citizens voice opinions, monitor government and bring about change

    Geography
    • Demonstrate the understanding of latitude and longitude
    • Demonstrate how maps are used to portray specific information
    • Learn the continents and their locations
    • Recognize the four hemispheres of the Earth
    • Trace boundaries between the North and South during Civil War
    • Name and locate major regions, rivers, mountain ranges, drainages, and the continental divides of North America
    • Understand and explain reasons for human migration
    • Know how the Earth’s position, relative to the sun, affects earth
    • Describe how land was used by Native Indians and colonists
    • Describe the abuse of natural resources in the past and how their use has changed to preserve those resources over time
    • Tell how natural features influenced historical events - movements

    Economics
    • Understand how economics brought about the Revolution
    • Describe economic incentives associated to westward expansion
    • Describe how regions were linked economically and how trade affects the way people have their needs and wants met

    Individuals, Society, and Culture
    • Understand the importance of a personal relationship with Christ
    • Identify qualities that make people unique a part of God’s plan
    • Tell how cultural groups have contributed to American way of life
    • Discuss the impact of prejudice on society
    • Recognize the impact of immigration on cultural diversity
    • Understand the importance of religious freedom
    • Recognize the church’s efforts to alleviate social problems
  • Extended Reading and Writing
    • Read to obtain information
    • Use decoding and context to read
    • Use the writing process and write using story elements
    • Write expository papers and a picture book
    • Edit, spelling, grammar and punctuation
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate sight words
    • Write for various purposes and audiences

    Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
    • Write paragraphs with main ideas and details
    • Retell or take notes on narratives using story plans
    • Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases
    • Develop two-column notes and charts
    • Identify bias in visual, auditory, and literary works
    • Discern between good/evil, real/imaginary, fact/opinion
    • Use graphic organizers
    • Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs
    • Analyze author’s craft and story elements
    • Synthesize information from multiple, reliable resources
    • Analyze main ideas of print and visual media
    • Write summaries
    • Develop discriminatory skills

    Reference Skills
    • Use library references and resources

    Word Study
    • Read, spell, and write words with short and long vowels
    • Correctly spell grade-appropriate words
    • Read, spell, write homophones, compound words & contractions
    • Read, spell, write and define easily confused words

    Sentence Skills
    • Identify the subject and predicate in a sentence
    • Identify and use conjunctions
    • Recognize fragments & run-on sentences;combine short sentences
    • Identify and use grade-appropriate punctuation
    • Write sentences, paragraphs, and stories
    • Edit for usage
    • Identify action verbs
    • Identify and use correct verb tense, adjectives, proper nouns, proper adjectives and adverbs
    • Capitalize and punctuate abbreviations
  • Spiritual Emphasis
    • Recognize God’s ideal for quality living includes a health lifestyle
    • Incorporate into one’s lifestyle principles of health
    • Avoid at-risk behaviors; achieve balance in work and leisure
    • Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports
    • Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social well-being

    Movement and Motor Skills
    • Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulative, locomotor and non-locomotor skills
    • Demonstrate increasing competence in more advanced skills
    • Adapt and combine skills to the demands of increasingly complex situations of selected movement forms
    • Demonstrate beginning strategies for net and invasion games
    • Apply previously learned knowledge to improve performance
    • Apply information from a variety of internal and external sources
    • Identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance
    • Recognize sport specific movement patterns applied to games
    • Understand terms that describe basic movement
    • Use basic offensive/defensive strategies in non-complex settings

    Lifestyle and Fitness
    • Identify opportunities in the school and community for regular participation in physical activity
    • Participate daily in some form of health-enhancing physical activity
    • Discover personal interests/capabilities regarding exercise behavior
    • Identify the critical aspects of a healthy lifestyle
    • Participate in moderate to vigorous activity in a variety of settings
    • Monitor intensity of exercise
    • Understand the reason for proper cool-down/warm-up techniques
    • Begin to develop a strategy for improvement of fitness components
    • Work somewhat independently with minimal supervision in pursuit of personal fitness goals
    • Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a standard physical fitness test
    • Recognize physical activity as a positive opportunity for social and group interaction
    • Experience enjoyment from participation in physical activities
    • Use physical activity to express feelings and relieve stress
    • Seek personally challenging experiences

    Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors
    • Participate in establishing rules, procedures and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific activity situations
    • Work cooperatively and productively in a group to accomplish a set goal in cooperative and competitive activities
    • Make conscious Christ-like decisions about applying rules, procedures and etiquette
    • Utilize time effectively to complete assigned tasks
    • Acknowledge differences in the behaviors of people of different gender, culture, ethnicity, development and disability
    • Cooperate with disabled peers and those of different gender, race, ethnicity and religion
    • Work cooperatively with both more and less skilled peers